The main types of gemstone cutting and their features

Today, with the evolution of diamond cutting methods, we find diamonds cut in many different shapes and styles on the world market. By cutting style we refer to the shape and arrangement of the facets – i.e. the flat polished surfaces – on the cut stone. By brilliant cutting style we refer to that style which has triangular and deltoid seats in a radial arrangement, while by step cutting style we describe cuts which have square and rectangular seats in a parallel arrangement.

Round brilliant cut

This is the most traditional and popular shape and cutting style that most buyers choose for their first diamond purchases. This cut has 57or 58 facets and such proportions that provide a perfect balance between the white brilliance and colored flashes of light that we see in the diamond.


Princess cut


Princess cutting in the form we know it today appeared on the markets around 1960. It is a square or rectangular shaped cut with a brilliant brilliant style, so in appearance it offers a more modern version of the round brilliant with a similar sparkling appearance but with a sharp angled shape.


Oval brilliant cut


The oval shape in a brilliant brilliant style is a perfect choice for those who love round brilliants but prefer a lower and more elongated shape that covers more surface area on the finger. It is a shape that is very flattering to thin and long fingers. The brilliance and flashes of coloured light seen in the oval brilliant are similar to those of the round brilliant.

Emerald cut


Cutting emerald is probably one of the most elegant choices we can make. It is a perfect fit for those who desire intense white brilliance from their diamond and less colored sparkle, as the proportions and shape of the seats of this cut enhance this visual quality of the diamond. It is a cut suitable for high clarity diamonds.

Radiant cut


The Radiant cut first appeared in the late 1970s and has since become a favourite of those who love fancy yellow diamonds. It is a mixed type of cut that usually includes facets from both styles and has such proportions that tend to enhance the yellow color of fancy diamonds. Its shape is rectangular with sharp angles yet its brilliant style facets give the stone beautiful flashes of colored light and intense brilliance.

Asscher cut


This unusual cut was created in the early 1900s in the Netherlands, and from the 1920s onwards it became a popular choice for Art Deco jewellery. In 2000 it experienced a renewed market demand, and rightly so! It is a cut similar to the classic emerald cut however the shape is square, naturally with sharp corners. The Asscher cut offers an elegant yet robust and distinctive look.

Cushion brilliant cut



The cushion cut, as its name suggests, has a soft curved square shape reminiscent of a cushion. It is an elegant and romantic choice for those who prefer square stones but without sharp edges and corners. It is cut in the brilliant style so cushion cut stones see bright flashes of colored light and beautiful brilliance.